You’ll need to take a chlamydia test in order to tell if you have, chlamydia, a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that’s spread when you have oral, vaginal, or anal sex with someone who has the chlamydia infection.
This common STD can be cured with a prescription from your doctor. If you don’t get treated, it can later cause reproductive complications for women, and men can keep giving it back to their partners.
How Do You Get Chlamydia?
If you have oral, anal, or vaginal sex with a man, you can be infected with chlamydia even if he doesn’t ejaculate. The bacterial infection is spread in semen (cum), pre-cum, and vaginal fluids. This infection can affect the vagina, cervix, penis, anus, urethra, throat, and eyes.
Most people who have chlamydia don’t know they’ve been infected. Men don’t often show symptoms so a woman could have been infected by having unprotected sex and not recognize symptoms of this STD for a while.
Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men are also at risk since chlamydia can spread through oral and anal sex. It’s important to get a chlamydia test so you can know your status and get treated if you have this STD.
Get a chlamydia test every few months, particularly if you’ve have multiple partners and/or unprotected sex. Using latex condoms or dental dams are the best ways to prevent chlamydia.
Signs You Should Get a Chlamydia Test
If you’re sexually active, you should do a chlamydia test. Oftentimes, chlamydia doesn’t show symptoms.
Chlamydia symptoms in women:
- Abnormal vaginal discharge
- Pain during intercourse
- A burning sensation when she pees
- Lower abdominal pain, nausea, or even a fever if the infection has spread
Some of these symptoms might be mistaken for a yeast infection or bladder infection if you don’t get a chlamydia test.
Chlamydia symptoms in men:
- Pain during urination
- Burning around the opening of your penis
- Itching around the opening of your penis
- Discharge from your penis
- Pain and swelling of your testicles
Both men and women might notice rectal pain, discharge, or bleeding from the rectum if they’ve been infected with chlamydia.
Untreated chlamydia can cause a number of health problems, particularly reproductive health issues in women and men.
Serious side effects of untreated chlamydia could lead to fever, nausea, and possibly infertility.
Both men and women could develop a condition called reactive arthritis, a type of arthritis that’s a “reaction” to an infection in the body.
If you don’t get treatment for chlamydia, you’re at an increased risk of getting or giving HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.
Your Chlamydia Test Options
You can get tested for this STD through your health-care provider. They’ll likely take a swab of the infected area(s)–like the penis or a woman’s cervix–and they may ask for a urine sample.
If you’ve had anal sex, tell the practitioner to swab that area, too. A urine test is newer (and more expensive) chlamydia test and you might be able to get results that day or the next day.
The swab samples of the infected areas usually take a few days for results. You can skip the hassle of waiting for an appointment with your doctor and order myLAB Box’s chlamydia test and gonorrhea test. Our three-site test that detects infections in the mouth, extragenital area (like the anus), and genitals.
myLAB Box provides a referral if you find out you’ve been diagnosed with chlamydia. Use one at-home testing kit to screen for gonorrhea and chlamydia together so you save time and money.
What Happens If I Have Chlamydia?
If your chlamydia test comes back positive, get in touch with your healthcare provider. They can treat the chlamydia infection with antibiotics.
Tell your partner that you tested positive for this STD so they take a chlamydia test, too. It’s common to get infected with chlamydia again so make sure you get a chlamydia test in three months, even if you got treated.
Take a chlamydia test from the comfort of home and get lab-certified results emailed to you. Order online and test at home with myLAB Box. Results arrive in just a few days.
- Klingler, Amy Mercantini, MS, PA-C. (2010). CHLAMYDIA. Journal of the American Academy of PAs.
- Meenakshi Malhotra,* Seema Sood, Anjan Mukherjee, Sumathi Muralidhar,* and Manju Bala. (2013). Genital Chlamydia trachomatis: An update. Indian J Med Res.
- Mary B. Keegan, MD, Justin T. Diedrich, MD, and Jeffrey F. Peipert, MD, PhD. (2014). Chlamydia trachomatis Infection: Screening and Management. J Clin Outcomes Manag.
- Omolara Fyle-Thorpe, PhD, FNP-BC. (2019). Chlamydia and Gonorrhea: An Update. The Journal for Nurse Practitioners.
- Genital Chlamydia trachomatis Infections Clear More Slowly in Men Than Women, but Are Less Likely to Become Established. The Journal of Infectious Diseases.