Have you noticed blood in your urine recently?
The medical term for blood in urine is hematuria. There are two forms of hematuria that doctors recognize, gross hematuria (blood in urine that is visible with the naked eye) and microscopic hematuria (blood in urine that is only visible under a microscope). There are many reasons why blood can occur in urine but for the purposes of this article we will focus on STDs and STIs. Specifically, the STDs that most commonly cause blood in urine are chlamydia and gonorrhea. Seeing blood in your urine can be very worrisome and the best course of action is to see a doctor if this symptom persists for several days.
Reasons why blood can occur in urine
- Infection (urinary tract infection or sexually transmitted infection)
- Kidney disease
- Prostate gland enlargement
- Strenuous exercise
- Hematologic disorders
Blood in urine due to gonorrhea
Besides the abnormal discharge, the symptoms of gonorrhea in men may also include testicular and scrotal pain. Gonorrhea in women is often accidentally dismissed as a common bladder or urinary tract infection. On the whole, women face significantly more danger from the Clap. For example, if left untreated, the infection can spread into the uterus or fallopian tubes. Ultimately, it can result in pelvic inflammatory disease. This in turn can lead to internal abscesses and chronic pain. In rare cases, it may also lead to infertility. In women, discharge from a gonorrhea infection can be yellow with visible hints of blood.
Blood in urine due to chlamydia
In women, chlamydia microbes sometimes create an infection in the urethra which can cause a urinary tract infection (UTI). While chlamydia can be silent, a UTI can cause pain and discomfort during urination (most people experience a burning sensation while urinating), along with sudden, extreme urges to urinate. If a woman lets a chlamydia infection go untreated, it could travel from the cervix to the fallopian tubes, which can then cause more noticeable symptoms of chlamydia including:
- Pain or bleeding while having sex
- Bleeding (or ‘spotting’) in between periods
- Nausea or fever
- Abdominal, lower back pain or a feeling of pressure around the hips
It’s important to recognize the symptoms of STIs, but it’s also important to remember that for many infections, there may not be any visible symptoms. This does not mean you are in the clear! . As such, the best course of action is to test yourself frequently. This is easier than ever, now that home testing kits are available.
A regular testing regimen is the cornerstone of everyone’s sexual health. It’s easier to fight back against STDs when you know the facts. myLAB Box offers at-home STD test packages for all of the most common STIs, including gonorrhea and chlamydia. These include discreet packaging, free shipping and lab-certified results. In fact, these are the same results you’d get from a doctor’s office.
Even better, myLAB Box customers who receive positive test results are entitled to a free phone consultation with a physician. You can get a prescription without ever stepping outside! It’s all part of the service! STI testing at home is the simplest and most efficient way to take total control of your sexual health.
- Jill S. Huppert, M.D., M.P.H., Frank Biro, M.D., Dongmei Lan, M.S., Joel E. Mortensen, Ph.D., Jennifer Reed, M.D., and Gail B. Slap, M.D., M.S. (2007). URINARY SYMPTOMS IN ADOLESCENT FEMALES: STI OR UTI? J Adolesc Health.
- Stacia B. Shipman, DO, Chelsea R. Risinger, DO, Crystalle M. Evans, DO, Chelsey D. Gilbertson, DO, MBA, and David E. Hogan, DO, MPH. (2018). High Prevalence of Sterile Pyuria in the Setting of Sexually Transmitted Infection in Women Presenting to an Emergency Department. West J Emerg Med.
- Myreen E. Tomas, Damon Getman, Curtis J. Donskey, Michelle T. Hecker. (2015). Overdiagnosis of Urinary Tract Infection and Underdiagnosis of Sexually Transmitted Infection in Adult Women Presenting to an Emergency Department. American Society for Microbiology.
- Bethany Mee Yeong Summers. (2017). Sexually Transmitted Infection or Urinary Tract Infection? Misdiagnosis of Chlamydia Trachomatis and Neisseria Gonorrhoeae Infections in Primary Care Practice. Capstones.